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Propranolol belongs to a group of medications called beta-blockers. It is taken or in combination with other medicines to treat a variety of diseases such as high blood pressure (hypertension), heart-related chest pain (angina), and heart rhythm disorder (arrhythmia), and prevent symptoms of migraine headache and tremors (fits). The active ingredient Propranolol relaxes our blood vessels by blocking the action of certain natural substances in the body. This lowers blood pressure and decreases the chances of getting a stroke, a heart attack, other heart problems, or kidney problems in the future.

Take the medicine as per the dosage and duration prescribed by the doctor. Do not crush, chew or break the tablets. Swallow it whole with water. You can take the tablets orally, with or without food, or as prescribed by your physician. You may observe a few common side effects such as feeling dizzy or exhausted, cold hands or feet, difficulty sleeping, and nightmares. Mostly the side effects are short-lived and get resolved over time. If the side effects persist or get severe, immediately consult your doctor. Inform your doctor if you are allergic to Propranolol or other similar medicines.

Contraindications for Propranolol Tablets 

Avoid taking Propranolol tablets if you have a history of or are currently suffering from the below-mentioned disease. Taking this medicine during these health conditions can severe side effects or cause negative health effects. The list of contraindications for Propranolol tablets is given below:

  • muscle disorder (myasthenia gravis, rhabdomyolysis)
  • breathing problems (COPD, bronchitis, emphysema)
  • low blood sugar level (hypoglycemia)
  • low blood pressure (hypotension)
  • depression
  • previous heart failure
  • liver/kidney disease
  • thyroid hormone disorder
  • adrenal gland cancer
  • problems with circulation (Raynaud’s syndrome)

Uses of Propranolol Tablets 

Propranolol is a beta-blocker that works by affecting the body’s response to nerve impulses, especially in the heart. It slows down the heart rate and allows the heart to easily pump blood in the body. This decreases the chances of arrhythmia, stabilizes blood pressure, and prevents a heart attack. It also widens the blood vessels in the body for better blood flow, thereby preventing angina as well as migraine. The tablets are indicated for the following disease:

  • High blood pressure (Hypertension)
  • Chest pain (Angina)
  • Heart rhythm disorder
  • Prevention of Heart attack
  • Prevention of migraines
  • Anxiety

Side Effects of Propranolol Tablets 

There are mild to moderate, side effects of Propranolol that do not last for a long time. The side effects are individual in nature and depend on the health condition and response to the therapy. In case the side effects worsen or persist, immediately consult your time. The list of side effects is given below:

  • Slow heart rate
  • Nightmares
  • Cold extremities
  • Fatigue
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Headaches
  • Cold fingers or toes
  • Feeling or being sick (nausea or vomiting)
  • Diarrhoea
  • Stomach pain

Drug Interaction 

Some drugs may interact with each other, and cause negative health effects. The drugs can also interact with certain food items, and with certain health conditions. The list of drugs that may interact with Propranolol tablets is given below:

  • blood pressure-related medicines (lisinopril, enalapril, diltiazem, prazosin, terazosin, doxazosin)
  • asthma medications (theophylline)
  • other pain killers
  • other beta-blockers (acebutolol, atenolol, bisoprolol, carteolol, esmolol, metoprolol, nadolol, nebivolol, or sotalol)

Precautions and Warning 

1. Avoid consuming alcohol with the medicine as it may cause negative health effects.

2. Do not drive or perform any mental activity that requires you to mentally concentrate as the medicine causes dizziness or sleepiness.

3. Pregnant women should consult a doctor, before taking the tablets as it may affect the fetus.

4. Store the tablets in a cool and dry place away from direct sunlight.

5. Keep the tablet out of reach of children and pets. Properly dispose of expired and discarded medicines.




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